Lentils (Lens culinaris) are an ancient crop that has been grown since the Stone Age. Canada is the world's third largest producer and second largest exporter of lentils. About 80% of Canadian lentils are grown in Saskatchewan. Several niche lentils have been developed - French greens, Spanish browns, red cotyledons Lentils have excellent nutritional quality.
The chickpea (Cicer arietinum) (also garbanzo bean, Indian pea, ceci bean, Bengal gram) is an edible legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. Chickpeas are high in protein and one of the earliest cultivated vegetables. 7,500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. Chick peas and Bengal grams are used to make curries and are one of the most popular vegetarian foods in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and the UK. On the Indian subcontinent chickpeas are called.
The common bean has been cultivated for six thousand years in the Americas. Beans are one of the longest-cultivated plants. Broad beans, with seeds the size of the small fingernail. Beans were an important alternative source of protein throughout Old and New World history, and still are today. There are over 4,000 cultivars of bean on record in the United States alone. An interesting modern example of the diversity of bean use is the modern urban recipe 15 bean soup, which, as the name implies, contains literally fifteen different varieties of bean.